To Double or Not to Double

    That's the question

    This is an area where many good spellers are unsure. So, let's look at the problem.

    If, for example, we want to write the word plan + ing, is it planing or planning?
    Do we leave the base word alone or do we double the n?
    Are we planing a trip to China or planning a trip?

    Luckily there's a very useful pattern to help us.
    It might sound complicated at first but it's one of the most helpful word patterns to know about:

    If the base word has:
           one syllable
           one short vowel
                 (the short vowels are ham, bed, lip, rot, gun)
           one consonant at the end
    You double the final consonant when you add a vowel suffix

    Sounds complicated doesn't it? But some examples will help:
       slip has one syllable
       one short vowel (i)
       one consonant (p) at the end
              so slip + ed = slipped (double p) and
              bed + ing = bedding,    flat + est = flattest
              fun + y = funny,     hot + er = hotter      and so on .....

    When you add a consonant suffix, the base word doesn't change:
    bag + ful = bagful,    wet + ness = wetness

    Click here for the a worksheet on this topic

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    Roger Smith


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suffix 4A

Roger Smith
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