To Double or Not to Double
That's the question
This is an area where many good spellers are unsure. So, let's look at the problem.
If, for example, we want to write the word plan + ing, is it planing or planning?
Do we leave the base word alone or do we double the n?
Are we planing a trip to China or planning a trip?
Luckily there's a very useful pattern to help us.
It might sound complicated at first but it's one of the most helpful word patterns to know about:
If the base word has:
one short vowel
(the short vowels are ham, bed, lip, rot, gun)
one consonant at the end
You double the final consonant when you add a vowel suffix
Sounds complicated doesn't it? But some examples will help:
slip has one syllable
one short vowel (i)
one consonant (p) at the end
so slip + ed = slipped (double p) and
bed + ing = bedding, flat + est = flattest
fun + y = funny, hot + er = hotter and so on .....
When you add a consonant suffix, the base word doesn't change:
bag + ful = bagful, wet + ness = wetness
Click here for the a worksheet on this topic